The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (2023)

The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (1)


1st Edition


Ron C. McKinnon

Copyright Year 2020

    ISBN 9780367226909

    PublishedDecember 2, 2019byCRC Press

    394 Pages66 B/W Illustrations

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    Book Description

    This book covers the design, implementation, and auditing of structured occupational health and safety management systems (SMS), sometimes referred to as safety programs. Every workplace has a form of SMS in place as required by safety regulations and laws.

    The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems describes some of the elements that constitute an SMS, the implementation process, and the auditing of the conformance to standards. It covers more than 60 processes, programs, or standards of a system, and gives important background information on each element. Guidelines and examples show how to design and implement the risk-based processes, programs and standards, and how to audit them against standards.

    The text is based on actual SMS implementation experiences across a wide range of industries. It offers a roadmap to any organization which has no structured SMS. It will guide them through the process of upgrading their health and safety processes to conform to local and international standards. It will lead them away from relying on reactive safety measures such as injury rates, to proactive actions which are measured by the audit of the system.


    • Covers more than 60 elements of a safety management system (SMS)
    • Provides practical examples of how to design, implement, and audit a structured SMS
    • Based on actual SMS implementation experience across a wide range of industries
    • Presents the integration of an SMS into the day-to-day functions of the organization

    Table of Contents

    PART 1 Introduction to Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 The Philosophy of Safety Chapter 3 Designing an Occupational Health and Safety Management System (SMS) Chapter 4 Implementation of an Occupational Health and Safety Management System (SMS) Chapter 5 The Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (SMS) Chapter 6 The Safety Management System Audit Process Chapter 7 Management Principles that Apply to the Implementation of an SMS PART 2 Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Safety Leadership and Organization Elements Chapter 8 Health and Safety Policy Statement Chapter 9 Health and Safety Policies, Standards, Processes, Systems, and Programs Chapter 10 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (SMSs) Chapter 11 Health and Safety Policies: Management Leadership and Involvement Chapter 12 Safety Objectives, Goals, and Performance Indicators Chapter 13 Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Chapter 14 Employee Communication, Consultation, and Participation Processes Chapter 15 Health and Safety Representatives Chapter 16 Critical Task Identification and Job Safe Practice (JSP) Processes Chapter 17 Safety Induction Training Program Chapter 18 Health and Safety Committees Chapter 19 Safety Management System Continuous Improvement Program Chapter 20 Safe Management of Change Process Chapter 21 Health and Safety Training Program Chapter 22 Health and Safety Management System Auditing Chapter 23 Safety Management System Review Chapter 24 Employee Job Specifications Chapter 25 Return to Work Program Chapter 26 The Health and Safety Coordinator Chapter 27 Industrial Hygiene Program Chapter 28 Annual Report – Health and Safety PART 3 Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Workplace Environment Conditions Chapter 29 Business Order (Good Housekeeping Program) Chapter 30 Plant Hygiene Amenities Chapter 31 Permit to Work Systems Chapter 32 Safety Inspection System Chapter 33 Stacking and Storage Practices Chapter 34 Structures, Buildings, Floors, and Openings Chapter 35 Demarcation of Walkways, Work Areas, and Storage Areas Chapter 36 Labeling of Switches, Controllers, and Isolators Chapter 37 Color Coding of Plant and Machinery Chapter 38 Scrap, Waste, and Refuse Removal System Chapter 39 Hearing Conservation Program Chapter 40 Occupational Stress Management Program Chapter 41 Pollution Control Program PART 4 Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Accident and Near Miss Incident Reporting and Investigation Elements and Processes Chapter 42 Recording System for Injuries, Illnesses, and Diseases Chapter 43 Accident and Near Miss Incident Reporting and Investigation Process Chapter 44 Near Miss Incident Reporting and Tracking System Chapter 45 Injury, Damage, and Loss Statistics Recording System Chapter 46 Accident and Near Miss Incident Recall Program Chapter 47 Risk Financing and Cost of Risk PART 5 Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Emergency Preparedness and Fire Prevention and Protection Elements Chapter 48 Fire Risk Assessment Chapter 49 Fire Prevention and Protection Equipment Chapter 50 Alarm Systems Chapter 51 Emergency Plans Chapter 52 Flammable Substance Storage Chapter 53 First Aid and First Responder Program Chapter 54 Firefighting and Evacuation Drills Chapter 55 Fire Prevention and Emergency Coordinator PART 6 Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Electrical, Mechanical, and Personal Safeguarding Elements Chapter 56 Fall Protection System Chapter 57 Hazardous Material Control Program Chapter 58 Scaffold Safety Program Chapter 59 Respiratory Protection Program Chapter 60 Energy Control Program Chapter 61 Machine Guarding Program Chapter 62 Motorized Equipment Safety Program Chapter 63 Personal Protective Equipment Program Chapter 64 An Ergonomic Safety Program Chapter 65 Electrical Safety Program Chapter 66 Electrical Arc Flash Safety Program Chapter 67 Contractor Health and Safety Management Program Chapter 68 Summary

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    Ron C. McKinnon, CSP (1999 – 2016), is an internationally experienced and acknowledged safety professional, author, motivator and presenter. He has been extensively involved in safety research concerning the cause, effect, and control of accidental loss, near miss incident reporting, accident investigation, safety promotion and the implementation of health and safety management systems for the last 46 years.

    Ron C. McKinnon received a National Diploma in Technical Teaching from the Pretoria College for Advanced Technical Education, a Diploma in Safety Management from the Technikon SA, South Africa, and a Management Development Diploma (MDP) from the University of South Africa, in Pretoria. He received a Master’s Degree in Safety and Health Engineering from the Columbia Southern University.

    From 1973 to 1994, Ron C. McKinnon worked at the National Occupational Safety Association of South Africa (NOSA), in various capacities, including General Manager of Operations and then Marketing. He is experienced in the implementation of health and safety management systems, auditing, and safety culture change interventions. During his tenure with NOSA, he gained valuable experience in auditing of safety management systems in numerous countries.

    From 1995 to 1999, Ron C. McKinnon was safety consultant and safety advisor to Magma Copper and BHP Copper North America, respectively.

    In 2001 Ron spent two years in Zambia introducing world’s best safety practices to the copper mining industry.

    After spending two years in Hawaii at the Gemini Observatory, he returned back to South Africa. He recently contracted as the Principal Consultant to Saudi Electricity Company (SEC), Riyadh, to implement a world’s best practice safety management system (Aligned to OHSAS 18,001), throughout its operations across the Kingdom involving 33,000 employees, 27,000 contractors, 9 consultants and 70 Safety Engineers.

    Ron C. McKinnon is the author of "Cause, Effect and Control of Accidental Loss," (2000), "Safety Management, Near Miss Identification, Recognition and Investigation," (2012), "Changing the Workplace Safety Culture," (2014), and Risk-based, Management-led, Audit-driven Safety Management Systems" (2016), all published by CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA. He is also the author of "Changing Safety’s Paradigms," published in 2007 by Government Institutes, USA, and the second edition published in 2018.

    Ron C. McKinnon is a retired professional member of the ASSP (American Society of Safety Professionals) and an honorary member of the Institute of Safety Management. He is currently a health and safety management system consultant, safety culture change agent, motivator and trainer. He is often a keynote speaker at safety conferences, and consults to international organizations.

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