What is an Enterprise Cloud? (2022)

An enterprise cloud is a unified IT operating environment that melds private cloud, public cloud, and distributed cloud, providing a single point of control for managing infrastructure and applications in any cloud. The enterprise cloud delivers a consistent, high-performance and seamless experience for both cloud operators and consumers of cloud-delivered services and applications.

The enterprise cloud is a model for IT infrastructure and platform services that delivers the advantages of public cloud offerings for enterprise applications without compromising on the value provided by private datacenter environments.

Why Use an Enterprise Cloud?

The enterprise cloud is ideal for large organizations with diverse cloud workloads. No two companies will have the same cloud computing requirements. The enterprise cloud enables the IT department to match workloads to the environment best suited for them, even as conditions and demands change. What belongs on a public cloud goes on a public cloud. Applications and data most suited to a private cloud go on a private cloud.

However, the enterprise cloud model provides for unified management and governance across its heterogenous landscape. Most enterprise clouds provide for automated deployment and management of applications across multiple environments while maintaining governance and control. The IT department can drive simplicity for multicloud governance with an open approach that values flexibility and scalability. Enterprise cloud also empowers end-users with self-service of private and public cloud options.


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Who Uses an Enterprise Cloud?

Companies of all types in a wide variety of industries are adopting an Enterprise Cloud platform - including those in healthcare, retail, financial services, manufacturing, federal agencies, and many more.

  • Healthcare - The enterprise cloud simplifies infrastructure and operations so doctors and nurses can focus on delivering better patient outcomes - not paperwork.

  • Retail - The enterprise cloud allows retail organizations to build unique experiences with freedom of choice in technologies and applications - creating a better shopping experience.

  • Financial Organizations - The enterprise cloud simplifies IT while providing a highly performant, secure, and cloud-like datacenter when dealing with highly sensitive information.

  • Manufacturing - The enterprise cloud accelerates innovation and drives digital manufacturing initiatives across the enterprise creating smoother workflows and eliminating supply chain issues.

  • Federal Agencies - Advancing the Cloud Smart agenda of Government to simplify operations and increase agility. It also meets growing public service demands with better performance and affordability.

Enterprise Public Cloud Strategy Adoption

Within enterprises, cloud adoption is being driven largely by IT departments looking to modernize datacenters. They’re seeking the benefits of the cloud, its services, and SLAs, along with the security and control that they’ve grown accustomed to within the datacenter. The Enterprise Cloud provides the “best of both worlds” to meet these needs. Simultaneously, business owners or app owners are adopting the Enterprise Cloud with the goal of taking their products to market quickly without being delayed by IT.


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What Are the Components of Enterprise Cloud Management?

  • Unified Governance models are the policy-centric instantiations of the single control plane discussed earlier in this chapter.
  • Full-stack infrastructure and platform services deliver turnkey infrastructure for any app at any scale, anywhere, delivered through a combination of on-premises datacenters and public cloud offerings.
  • Zero-click operations and machine intelligence deliver operational simplicity through automation and insights.
  • Rapid elastic consumption allows businesses to buy and use only the IT resources they need, and non-disruptively scale when demands grow enabling an OpEx model within and outside of the datacenter.
  • Integrated security and governance covers the entire infrastructure stack across private and public clouds, leveraging automation to maintain a security baseline.
  • Application-centric mobility lets businesses place and move applications anywhere, with no infrastructure lock-in.

What Are the Benefits of Utilizing an Enterprise Cloud Strategy?

  • A brand new economic model - Legacy-based IT economic models are no longer sufficient. Adopt pay-as-you-go characteristics of the public cloud while providing a common foundation to run both legacy and new-style or cloud-native apps with the enterprise cloud.

  • Focus on the end-user - Users are demanding new services all the time. The Enterprise Cloud can focus your efforts on addressing the deficiencies seen by end-users.

  • Faster response from IT - IT has a perception of being slow, especially when compared with cloud providers, who can instantly deploy new infrastructure. The Enterprise Cloud provides instant infrastructure for business users.

  • Refocusing IT on the business - The 80/20 rule can become the rule if you do things right. Enterprise cloud can help make this shift. Tailor IT department’s services to activities that generate revenue rather than simply keeping the lights on.

  • Choice is key - Any cloud, at any time. Organizations need a choice of where to run workloads. Don’t be forced into a single public cloud provider. With the Enterprise Cloud, choose the right cloud for your business and don’t end up with workloads trapped somewhere else.

What Are the Elements of an Enterprise Cloud Strategy?

  1. Public Cloud

  2. The term “public cloud” refers to cloud computing services that are available on demand to anyone. The best-known public cloud providers are Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). These platforms enable users to deploy or “spin up” cloud computing instances on an as-needed basis. For example, an AWS user could set up a Virtual Machine (VM) running the Linux Operating System (OS) and the MySQL database—in real time. The user could scale up the instance as volume increased, but then scale it down as needed. Public cloud platforms typically charge fees based on usage and time, e.g., a dollar per hour for a VM instance.

  3. Private Cloud

  4. A private cloud is infrastructure that uses a cloud computing software architecture, but which is hosted in a private data center or customer-controlled co-location facility. To the user, the private cloud functions comparably to a public cloud. The user can “spin up” cloud-based VMs, storage and so forth, on-demand in real time. However, the physical hardware supporting this cloud is privately owned, hosted and controlled. Working this way, the organization gains all of the flexibility and agility benefits of cloud computing while still operating within its on-premises security and compliance policies. Private clouds can also be tuned to meet performance requirements more easily than is possible with public cloud platforms.

  5. Hybrid Cloud

  6. There is some confusion between the terms “hybrid cloud” and “multicloud.” They are used interchangeably, and unfortunately, little consensus exists about what each term means. In general, though, when people talk about a hybrid cloud, they most often mean a cloud ecosystem that spans public and private cloud platforms. For example, a hybrid cloud might have applications deployed on AWS, as well as on on-premises private cloud infrastructure. The implication of hybrid cloud is that the applications it hosts are connected across the public and private clouds, and may interoperate between those platforms as well.

  7. Multicloud

  8. The term “multicloud” usually refers to the utilization of two or more cloud platforms, e.g., operating on AWS, Azure and GCS all at the same time. Each platform might be hosting totally separate, unconnected solutions. Or, a multicloud environment could feature solutions that are connected across cloud platforms and interoperate.

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What is the Difference Between Enterprise Cloud and Public Cloud?

Public clouds like AWS and Azure are controlled by Amazon and Microsoft respectively, and for the most part, your data sits outside your datacenter. These clouds force users to build and deploy applications that conform to their processes and architectures. Enterprise public cloud adoption enables you to get the best of both worlds: a public cloud experience in your on-prem datacenter that lets you choose best-in-breed technology that suits your business, and where you can seamlessly manage data and workloads in the public cloud when you need to.

What is the Difference Between Enterprise Cloud and Hybrid Cloud?

A hybrid cloud brings together elements of private and public cloud. The problem with traditional hybrid cloud is the dichotomy it presents: the latest and greatest public cloud solution on one side, and legacy hardware on the other. An Enterprise Cloud solution brings cloud technology on-premises and ensures that it behaves and operates similarly within the datacenter and the enterprise public cloud. It delivers the benefits of not just public and private clouds, but also distributed and edge clouds. Enterprise Cloud is also optimized for application management and automation—hybrid cloud, less so.

What is the Difference Between Enterprise Cloud and Private Cloud?

A private cloud is simply a cloud architecture deployed on on-premises infrastructure or in a client-controlled co-location facility. It does not necessarily have enterprise cloud features, such as a unified point of management and governance. A private cloud on its own also does not necessarily have hybrid or multicloud functionality. Indeed, a private cloud is typically an element of a broader enterprise cloud environment.

Enterprise Cloud Security Considerations

Cloud computing typically creates cybersecurity risk exposure that’s different and more serious than risks experienced in traditional on-premises infrastructure. The security “perimeter” is less relevant, or even non-existent in cloud environments. Enterprise cloud is no exception. In fact, it can be more challenging to defend digital assets in an enterprise cloud than it is in a standard public or private cloud. There are several reasons for this. For one thing, the enterprise cloud is fluid in terms of where digital assets are deployed, so security policies must adapt to protect them wherever they are hosted, whether it be on multiple public cloud platforms or private cloud infrastructure.

Security considerations for enterprise cloud include:

  • Understanding the implications of the public cloud’s two-tier security model. The IT organization has to know which aspects of security it is responsible for, and what the cloud provider will handle.

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  • Identity and Access Management (IAM). Access control is critical in the cloud, where users have multiple points of entry into the infrastructure, many of which are outside of the enterprise’s control.

  • Threat detection across all elements of the enterprise cloud.

  • Incident response workflows that cover all elements of the enterprise cloud, e.g., having the ability to isolate an infected VM regardless of where it’s hosted.

  • Security policy definition and enforcement that work across all elements of the enterprise cloud, e.g., hardening of endpoints, regardless of where they are deployed.

New paradigms such as the Secure Access Service Edge (SASE) may be helpful in defining and operationalizing effective security policies in complex enterprise cloud environments.

Enterprise Cloud Storage Considerations

Storage in an enterprise cloud is entirely up to the owner of the cloud environment. As an enterprise plans to deploy an enterprise cloud, it should think through its storage needs, taking into consideration such issues as:

  • Capacity and scaling - How much storage do you need now, versus in the future? It’s a good practice to plan for storage growth in an enterprise cloud.

  • Performance - What are your service level agreements (SLAs) for storage in your enterprise cloud? If an application needs a guaranteed storage response time of 10 milliseconds, for example, then you will have to provision storage that meets that parameter.

  • Tiering - Not all enterprise cloud workloads need the same level of storage performance. Archives, for example, may work adequately with lower-performing and inexpensive infrequent access or cold storage tiers. Other workloads, such as mobile applications or analytics may require a higher performing and more expensive tier of cloud storage. Working with different storage tiers enables you to optimize your storage budget and avoid over-spending on high-performing storage that is not needed.

  • Security - Data that’s stored in an enterprise cloud needs to be protected from unauthorized access or destructive attacks. The challenge comes from identifying where data is stored in all its forms. For example, a mirror instance or backup volume can be attacked, so if it’s not as well defended as the primary instance, the enterprise is exposed to security risk.

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  • Failover, backup and disaster recovery - The cloud makes it possible to establish failover and backup instances rather easily. The enterprise cloud architect needs to map out the failover and backup requirements for each application hosted in the enterprise cloud. It may be necessary to integrate backup management solutions with the enterprise cloud management platform to make this work.


What is enterprise vs cloud? ›

As enterprise data centres are made to serve a specific organization, they don't need to be as large. Unlike an enterprise data centre, a cloud service provider data centre is providing cloud services to organizations all over the world. This means they're probably going to be enormous.

What are the 4 types of cloud storage? ›

There are four main types of cloud computing: private clouds, public clouds, hybrid clouds, and multiclouds. There are also three main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS).

What are the 3 types of cloud explain? ›

Well, there are 3 types of cloud computing: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). With IaaS, companies control their own computing, networking, and storing components without having to manage them on-premises physically.

What is enterprise cloud strategy? ›

It is a type of cloud strategy where an enterprise relies on more than one cloud service model (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) of the same type ( private or public) from more than one cloud provider. Some understand that a multi-cloud strategy is the same as a hybrid cloud, but it is not.

What are the 4 types of business enterprise? ›

There are 4 main types of business organization: sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and Limited Liability Company, or LLC.

What is an example of an enterprise? ›

Examples of enterprises

That includes companies such as Ford, Microsoft, GE, and Oracle. Edge's list includes Walmart, Exxon, Apple, Amazon, UnitedHealth Group, McKesson, CVS, and AT&T. These are all large companies that meet or exceed the loosely defined enterprise criteria.

What are the 2 main cloud classifications? ›

The two main types of low clouds include stratus, which develop horizontally, and cumulus, which develop vertically.

What is SaaS stand for? ›

Software as a service (or SaaS) is a way of delivering applications over the Internet—as a service. Instead of installing and maintaining software, you simply access it via the Internet, freeing yourself from complex software and hardware management.

Is AWS a public cloud? ›

The AWS public cloud

In the public cloud space, AWS provides services such as the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon Amazon EC2), which provides infrastructure and services over the public internet and are hosted at an identified AWS Region (for example, Canada Central ).

Is AWS SaaS or PaaS? ›

AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided by Amazon that includes a mixture of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and packaged-software-as-a-service (SaaS) offerings.

Which cloud is best for enterprise? ›

Top Enterprise Cloud Alternatives
  • Amazon Web Services.
  • Microsoft Azure.
  • Google Cloud Platform.
  • VMware Cloud on AWS.
  • vCloud Air powered by OVH.
  • Lumen Public Cloud.

What is an example of a cloud ERP? ›

The best cloud-based ERP software is NetSuite ERP, as it automates essential business workflows across multiple industries efficiently. It also provides robust tools for complete accounting, purchase processing, order tracking, as well as advanced modules for warehouse, shipping, fulfillment, and compliance management.

How many enterprises are in the cloud? ›

5. 94% of enterprises use the cloud. According to Right Scale's annual State of the Cloud Report for 2019, 91% of businesses used public cloud and 72% used a private one. Most enterprises actually utilize both options – with 69% of them opting for a hybrid cloud solution.

What are the 5 five components of enterprise? ›

5 Key Components of a Successful Enterprise Architecture Function
  • Governance. Enterprise architecture (EA) requires governance, however not in the form of complex documents, forms or processes. ...
  • Talent. ...
  • Executive Sponsors. ...
  • Scope. ...
  • Business Value.
11 Aug 2014

What are the 3 enterprise systems? ›

The 3 Types of Enterprise Systems
  • Customer Relationship Management. Customer relationship management (CRM) is a software that helps organizations present a consistent message about customer insights by gathering the latest information about a lead. ...
  • Enterprise Resource Planning. ...
  • Supply Chain Management Systems.

What is the full meaning of enterprise? ›

ˈen-tə-ˌprīz. : a project or undertaking that is especially difficult, complicated, or risky. : a unit of economic organization or activity. especially : a business organization.

What are the 4 major enterprise applications? ›

The Four Types of Enterprise Systems
  • Enterprise Resource Planning (E.R.P.) Systems. ...
  • Supply Chain Management (S.C.M.) Systems. ...
  • Customer Relationship Management (C.R.M.) Systems. ...
  • Knowledge Management Systems (K.M.S.)
25 May 2021

What does enterprise mean in software? ›

Enterprise software, also known as enterprise application software (EAS), is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users. Such organizations include businesses, schools, interest-based user groups, clubs, charities, and governments.

What is the most common type of enterprise? ›

Sole proprietorship

Many small business owners start out with sole proprietorships and later become incorporated because the process for registration as a sole proprietor is simple, fast, and cheap, compared to some of the other options.

What are the 5 4 3 cloud principles? ›

The 5-4-3 rule is a guideline used in the design of shared Ethernet networks which promotes optimal traffic flow. This refers to the number of repeaters and segments that must be present on shared Ethernet backbones set up in a tree topology.

What are the 3 clouds of Microsoft? ›

Microsoft Three Clouds - Azure, Dynamics 365, Microsoft 365 | Cambay.

What are the 4 ingredients of a cloud? ›

How Do Clouds Form? Cloud Ingredients and Formation
  • water.
  • cooling air temperature.
  • a surface to form on (nuclei)
4 Feb 2019

What is the biggest cloud type? ›

Those towering cumulus clouds that deliver rain, lightning, and thunder are called cumulonimbus. They can extend from just a few thousand feet above the ground to levels of 50,000 feet or higher. The bigger they grow, the more violent the weather becomes. Hail will often fall from these clouds.

What are the 3 main cloud delivery models? ›

There are three major cloud service models: software as a service (SaaS), infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS).

What are the 8 main types of clouds? ›

Summary: What Are the Types of Clouds?
  • Altocumulus.
  • Altostratus.
  • Cirrocumulus.
  • Cirrostratus.
  • Cirrus.
  • Cumulonimbus.
  • Cumulus.
  • Nimbostratus.
22 Jun 2018

What is the difference between cloud and Azure? ›

Microsoft Azure services and Google cloud both offer virtual machines (VMs). Microsoft calls them Azure virtual machines while Google calls them Compute Engines. Azure offers boot-disk-only and full machine VMs where the cloud is boot-disk-only. Both have autoscaling included.

What are the 11 more major categories in cloud computing? ›

Types of Cloud Computing
  • Infrastructure as a Service (Iaas)
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  • Software as a Service (SaaS)
  • Storage as a service (STaaS)
  • Test environment as a Service (TEaaS)
  • Desktop as a Service (DaaS)
19 Mar 2013

Is Google Drive a cloud storage? ›

Google Drive is a free cloud-based storage service that enables users to store and access files online. The service syncs stored documents, photos and more across all of the user's devices, including mobile devices, tablets and PCs.

Is Netflix a SaaS? ›

Everything You Need To Know About Netflix a SaaS

Yes, Netflix is a SaaS company that sells software to observe permitted videos on demand. It follows a subscription-based model whereby the user selects a subscription plan and pays a stable sum of money to Netflix monthly or annually.

Is Azure a SaaS? ›

Providers, such as Microsoft Azure SaaS, help organizations to get started with an application at a nominal upfront cost. Azure SaaS, as per the service agreement, manages the software and hardware, ensuring application availability and security of business-critical data.

Is Salesforce a SaaS? ›

Salesforce is the leading SaaS provider with its flagship CRM platform, available exclusively online, as well as its SaaS platforms for marketing, service, and the Internet of Things.

Is Netflix public or private cloud? ›

Netflix is by far the best case study for the public cloud.

Is Gmail public or private cloud? ›

Things that people often consider 'the internet', like Gmail or Dropbox are public cloud solutions. Public cloud services are the most common cloud storage option and are offered by a large (and growing) list of service providers including communications, tech and commerce giants like Microsoft, Amazon etc.

Is Zoom a public cloud? ›

Zoom offers a public or hybrid cloud service. In the hybrid cloud service, you deploy meeting communication servers known as the Zoom Meeting Connector within your company's internal network. In doing so, user and meeting metadata are managed in the public cloud while the meetings are hosted in your private cloud.

Is Gmail a SaaS or PaaS? ›

SAAS (Software As A Service) :

A layer on top on PAAS. Applications like email (Gmail, Yahoo mail etc), Social Networking sites (Facebook etc)

Is Netflix SaaS PaaS or IaaS? ›

Yes, Netflix is a SaaS organization that provides on-demand videos using the software.

Is Google PaaS or SaaS? ›

Google Cloud offerings include IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS. Its IaaS products allow enterprises to mix and match these services into combinations that provide the precise environment they need. Computing infrastructure in predefined or custom machine sizes to accelerate your cloud transformation.

Which type of cloud is used by the enterprise? ›

An enterprise cloud is a unified IT operating environment that melds private cloud, public cloud, and distributed cloud, providing a single point of control for managing infrastructure and applications in any cloud.

Who are the big 3 cloud providers? ›

Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) are the cloud service providers with the largest market share, collectively capturing over 65% of spending on cloud infrastructure services.

Is AWS or Azure bigger? ›

Contents. Amazon's AWS and Microsoft's Azure are the big boys of the cloud computing world, even though AWS is much bigger than Azure. How much bigger? Well, AWS's server capacity is about 6 times larger than the next 12 competitors combined.

What are the 3 common types of ERP? ›

There are three main types of ERP systems that function with different deployment model options. The most common types of ERP systems include cloud ERP, on-premise ERP, and hybrid ERP.

Is Amazon AWS an ERP? ›

AWS Smart Business - ERP.

Is Azure an ERP? ›

Dynamics on Azure. Make smarter decisions, redesign business processes faster, and fuel business growth using the cloud-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution built for, and on, Azure—bringing together ERP, business intelligence, infrastructure, compute, and database services.

Why are enterprises moving to cloud? ›

Lowered operating expenses. Because the cloud requires less infrastructure to maintain, you require fewer staff and fewer resources to maintain it. Moving to the cloud helps you reduce your operating costs in the long run.

What is IT meant by enterprise? ›

Enterprise is another word for a for-profit business or company, but it is most often associated with entrepreneurial ventures. People who have entrepreneurial success are often referred to as “enterprising.” There are many forms of legal enterprises, with the most common in the U.S.

What is meaning of an enterprise? ›

ˈen-tə-ˌprīz. : a project or undertaking that is especially difficult, complicated, or risky. : a unit of economic organization or activity. especially : a business organization. : a systematic purposeful activity.

What is the difference between enterprise and SaaS? ›

In the traditional definition, enterprise software is software your organization buys and installs on your organization's servers. By contrast, SaaS software is software that you “rent” and is hosted “in the cloud” and accessed via the internet.

Is ERP and cloud same? ›

Cloud ERP, or SaaS ERP, is hosted on your provider's cloud platform and managed by their IT team. On-premise ERP, on the other hand, is installed on your own hardware and servers and managed by your IT team or a partner. Businesses are increasingly embracing the cloud when it comes to ERP deployment options.

What are the 3 types of enterprise according to concept? ›

An enterprise may be a corporation, a quasi- corporation, a non-profit institution, or an unincorporated enterprise. Enterprises can be classified in different categories according to their size; for this purpose, different criteria may be used, but the most common is number of people employed.

How does an enterprise work? ›

Essentially, the word "enterprise" can be used to describe any company that has multiple locations, levels, departments or divisions that collaborate together to achieve company goals and objectives. When employees from all company departments work together, it is described as an enterprise business process.

What is the difference between enterprise and company? ›

A business (also called firm) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers. An enterprise is a business and the ways it is formed i.e. Privately held, publicly held or Pvt Ltd Companies are different ways company chooses to distribute their stocks/shares.

What is enterprise and why is it important? ›

Organisation or Enterprise means to plan a business, to start it and run it. It means to bring the factors of production together, assign each its proper task, and pay them remuneration when the work is done. It implies not only running of a business, but also shouldering the loss, if any.

What is enterprise application in simple words? ›

Enterprise applications are designed to integrate computer systems that run all phases of an enterprise's operations to facilitate cooperation and coordination of work across the enterprise.

Why is enterprise so important? ›

New businesses provide choice, dynamism, competition, employment, are locally owned and committed to the local area and act as the seedbed function, a vital contribution to the long run health of the economy.

Is Tesla a SaaS? ›

Tesla Third Row - Ross: Tesla becoming a Software as a Service (SAAS) Company. Tesla's tech opportunities seem endless. CEO Ross Gerber joins the podcast Third Row Tesla to discuss the reality of the car manufacturer becoming a Software as a Service (SAAS) Company.

Does Netflix count as SaaS? ›

First of all, to answer the question in the title: Yes, Netflix is a SaaS company that sells software to watch licensed videos on demand. It follows a subscription-based model whereby the user chooses a subscription plan and pays a fixed sum of money to Netflix monthly or annually.


1. Enterprise Systems and Cloud Computing
(Mitchell R. Wenger (Accounting Systems & Tech))
2. Introducing the Enterprise Cloud Forensics & Incident Response Poster
(SANS Digital Forensics and Incident Response)
3. Nutanix Enterprise Cloud Platform Blueprint
4. The Three Phases of Enterprise Cloud Adoption
5. TCS Enterprise Cloud
6. Earth - Enterprise rising up
(Flo Xander)

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